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Quiz 1
Exam 1
Quiz 2
Exam 2
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Quiz #2 - The Linguistics Wars

Understanding the following questions will prepare you for the second quiz.

Chapter 1 - Language, Thought, and the Linguistics Wars

  • Why is linguistics such a difficult field to study? (pp. 4-5)

  • Chapter 2 - Linguistics

  • The Stoics (p. 12) were the first people of record who distinguished the two fundamental parts of language. What were those parts, and how are they defined?

  • "The Stoics were empirical, with a healthy respect for the complexity of language--an important cornerstone of their advances was rejecting the simple equation of one _________ with one __________ . They were also less concerned than the analogists with issues of linguistic 'purity,' and correspondingly more tolerant of dialectal variation" (p. 13).

  • How did the study of language change with the introduction of Aristotelian philosophy to the field? (pp. 13-14)

  • Ferdinand de Saussure introduced a shift in the study of linguistics from studying language __________ ('across-time') to studying language __________ (abstracting away from time). (pp. 16-18)

  • How did Saussure define parole? (pp. 16-18)

  • How did Saussure define langue? (pp. 16-18)

  • How is ‘behaviorism’ defined by the author? (p. 24)

  • What are the contributions of ‘positivism’ to the scientific method? (p. 24-26)

  • What was the major motivating factor for Bloomfield’s version of American Structuralism?

  • What was so radical about how Chomsky’s affected linguistics? (p. 28-34)

  • How did Zellig Harris influence Chomsky’s thought? (p. 28-34)

  • Chapter 3 - The Chomskyan Revolution

  • What aspects of the linguistics field during the 1950s paved the way for Chomsky to burst onto the scene? (p. 35-37)

  • What does a ‘generative’ grammar generate? (p. 39-41)

  • What is the main stipulation theoretical stipulation that Chomsky places on his generative grammar (this turns out to be a major problem for him later on)? (p. 40)

  • What was Chomsky trying to do with generative (transformational) syntax? (p. 48-51)

  • What was a main point of debate between the old linguistics establishment and Chomsky’s revolutionary ideas? (p. 54-59)

  • Why did the transformationalists attack Bloomfieldian phonology? (p. 59-61)

  • Why did Chomsky use the ideas of the Port-Royal grammarians to support his theory of transformational grammar? (p. 61-65)

  • What do empiricists believe about the acquisition of knowledge (which includes language)? (p. 65-68)

  • What do rationalists believe about the acquisition of knowledge (which includes language)? (p. 65-68)

  • Chapter 4 - The Beauty of Deep Structure

  • How did the views of English departments and Linguistics departments conflict before Chomsky burst onto the scene? (p. 74-77)

  • Which of the following is not a reason why Chomsky’s theory of syntax appealed so much to English departments in the United States? (p. 74-77)

  • According to the text, to whom is Chomsky indebted for the original idea of the ‘kernel’ sentence? (p. 82-89)

  • According to the Aspects model, what does the transformational component do? (p. 89-96)

  • According to the Aspects model, what happens to the ‘sentence’ after it undergoes semantic interpretation? (p. 89-96)

  • According to the Aspects model, what do the phrase structure rules do? (p. 89-96)

  • According to the Aspects model, what does the semantic component do? (p. 89-96)

  • Define competence according to Chomsky.

  • Define performance according to Chomsky.

  • Chapter 5 - Generative Semantics 1: The Model

  • Where did most of the conflict of the ‘linguistics wars’ originate?

  • What is the fundamental idea behind the Katz-Postal Principle?

  • How did linguists use predicate/propositional logic as a tool for explaining deeper semantic content?

  • How does Háj Ross define his Universal Base Hypothesis?

  • What do filters do?

  • Why were filters proposed?

  • According to the Generative Semantics model, what do transformations do?

  • Chapter 7 - The Vicissitudes of War

  • How did Chomsky attack the Generative Semantics Model?

  • How did the Generative Semanticists attack the Aspects Model?

  • Why was the Katz-Postal Principle ultimately thrown out?

  • What Chomskyan idea does grammaticality correspond to?

  • What Chomskyan idea does acceptability correspond to?

  • What is an LAD?

  • How was Chomsky’s LAD different from McCawley’s LAD?

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