LingLinks Home LingLinks Home Home Page
Student Papers
Style Guides
Top-Down View
History of Linguistics
Unresolved Issues
Further Reading
Computational Linguistics
Language Acquisition
Theoretical Linguistics
Annotated Bibliography
The Abstract
The Paper
Quiz 1
Exam 1
Quiz 2
Exam 2
General Linguistics
Senior Seminar
Estonian Dictionary
Linguistics Societies
Linguistics Association of Canada and the United States
Linguistics Society of America
Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages

Exam 1 Review Sheet (100 points)

The exam is made up of 50 questions (19 matching, 14 true/false, 11 multiple choice, 6 passage-based) worth 2 points each.

Questions for the exam will be taken from lecture and reading material. Understanding the following concepts will prepare you for the exam.

Know who the following people/concepts were and what they did.

  • Abraham Abulafia

  • Dante Alighiere

  • Where does American Structuralism fall in the context of the Behaviorism/Empiricism debate?

  • Ars Magna (who wrote it, what was it, and what were its aims?)

  • Leonard Bloomfield (American Structuralist; founded the LSA)

  • What school of thought (empiricism or rationalism) does Noam Chomsky belong to? Understand why.

  • What was De Vulgari Eloquentia, and who wrote it? What was its contribution to modern linguistics?

  • What is the significance of The International Language: Preface and Complete Manual (for Russians)?

  • Know the three main forms of kabbalistic scriptural interpretation.

  • Who was Athanasius Kircher, and what did he do for linguistics?

  • Who was Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz? Know his contributions to modern linguistics in some detail.

  • Who was Ramón Llull?

  • What is Nostraticism and where did it originate?

  • What is Plato's contribution to linguistic philosophy?

  • Who was Guillame de Postel and what was his contribution to linguistic thought?

  • What is predicate calculus, and who originated this concept? Why is it significant to linguistics?

  • What was Ferdinand de Saussure's contribution to modern linguistics?

  • Who was B.F. Skinner, and why is he significant to our discussion?

  • What is Syntactic Structures, and why is it such as important work in linguistics?

  • Understand the following concepts.

  • A Priori Philosophical Languages versus A Posteriori Philosophical Languages (understand well)

  • International Auxiliary Languages (are they a priori or a posteriori?; what is their purpose?)

  • From which language groups was Esperanto derived?

  • What's the difference between Single Articulation and Double Articulation?

  • Who were the kabbalists?

  • Port Royal & Descartes: who did they influence?

  • What are primitives?

  • What is Nostraticism, and where did it originate?

  • Who came up with the idea of binary logic? How did he come up with it?

  • Did Lull's combinatorial apparatus actually work?

  • How is Dante's thought related to Chomsky and Saussure?

  • What does empiricist philosophy say about how human knowledge is gained?

  • What does rationalist philosophy say about how human knowledge is gained?

  • How did Immanuel Kant say about how human knowledge is gained?

  • What is the idea of hypertext and who came up with it?

  • Contact us by email at