ISO 12620 data categories section 05
Section 05: Concept related description
Description: A statement that
describes a concept and permits its differentiation from other concepts within a
system of concepts.
Note: For definition of related term, see
ISO 1087:1990, 4.1
DXLT representation: <descrip type='definition'>content unrestricted (noteText)</descrip>
Description: A statement that describes and clarifies a
concept and makes it understandable, but does not necessarily differentiate it
from other concepts.
Example: Explanation of catalyst:
<chemistry> material that triggers or accelerates a chemical reaction
Note: In order to constitute an adequate definition, this explanation (which would be classified as defective if it were viewed as a definition) needs to include the
information that the catalyst itself is not changed by the reaction.
DXLT representation: <descrip type='explanation'>content unrestricted(noteText)</descrip>
Description: A text or part of a text in which a term occurs.
Note 1: For
definition of related term, see ISO 1087:1990, 220.127.116.11
Note 2: Contexts are documented very
frequently in descriptive and translation-oriented terminology work. Some
databases use "xample" for contextual references. Such data categories should
be converted to the data category "context" for interchange purposes.
In addition to providing information about concepts, contexts provide text-typological information valuable for determining term usage and collocational references. Consequently some databases classify context as a term-related
DXLT representation: <descrip type='context'>content unrestricted(noteText)</descrip>
material that provides a sample of the object or entity defined in the entry.
Note: Some databases use "example" for
contextual references. Such items should be converted to the data category
"context" for interchange purposes.
DXLT representation: <descrip type='example'>content unrestricted(noteText)</descrip>
05.05 nontextual illustrations
Description: A diagram, picture, or other graphic material used to illustrate a concept or group of concepts.
Example: Annex C, Figure C.4, shows an illustrative figure that might be used in conjunction with a term entry.
<descrip type='figure' target='bindat-idref'>bindat-descrip</descrip>
Description: Sound, spoken words, music,
or other audible representation used to illustrate or explain terms or concepts.
Example: A recording of the pronunciation of
a term coordinated with a term entry in a multimedia environment.
<descrip type='audio' target='bindat-idref'>bindat-descrip</descrip>
Description: Recorded visual images used
to represent or illustrate terminological information.
Example: Video images can be used to
illustrate a concept, a process, a test method, etc.
Note: Digitized video can include an audio
<descrip type='video' target='bindat-idref'>bindat-descrip</descrip>
Description: An array of data arranged in
columns and rows used in documenting, explaining, or describing a concept within
a terminology collection.
Example: Annex D consists of a set of tables.
<descrip type='table' target='bindat-idref'>bindat-descrip</descrip>
05.05.05 other binary data
Description: Any foreign data not covered
by the previous categories.
Example: Spreadsheets, virtual reality files,
flight simulations, and the like.
<descrip type='otherBinaryData' target='bindat-idref'>bindat-descrip</descrip>
Description: A relationship between a
reference value as defined by an authoritative body; a quantity measured.
example: force is measured in newtons
length is measured in millimetres
weight is measured in grams
Note: There is only one unit for each
quantity in SI. The unit used to measure a quantity can be extraordinarily
valuable in a terminology collection. In some cases, it can represent a major
characteristic for determining the precise identity of a referenced concept,
especially if polysemy or lack of precision creates ambiguity in a text.
Description: The relationship between a set
of limits within which a quantity is measured, as expressed by stating the lower
and upper range values.
example: 0 - 100 °C = liquid state of water
Note: Range, like unit, can be a critical
delimiting characteristic in defining a concept, particularly in materials
Description: A mental representation of a
property of an object serving to form and delimit its concept.
Note: For definition of related term, see ISO
Example: compressibility (gas)
liquidity (financial assets)
05.09 Concept Origin
Description:IATE datacategory yet to be defined