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Definitions for Introduction to Language (Linguistics 230)
Agent: The one who carries out an action; the doer. In Indo-European languages the agent often takes the nominative case.
Agglutinative Language: In this type of language complex words are formed by a sequence of grammatical morphemes.
Alliteration: A rhetorical method by which words that begin with the same sound occur in proximity, implying some sort of connection.
Allophone: A sound variation used as an example of a phoneme.