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Last updated: January 27, 2001

CLS Framework: ISO 12620 data categories section 05

Menu of data classes

| (1) Terms | (2) Term-Related Data Categories | (3) Equivalence | (4) Subject Field |
| (5) Concept Related Description | (6) Concept Relation | (7) Conceptual Structures | (8) Note |
| (9) Documentary Language | (10) Terminology Management |

Section 5: Concept related description

Description: Any kind of explanatory material used to elucidate a concept.

Blind MARTIF Representation: <descrip type=X>...</descrip>, where X is one of the following:

5.1 definition
5.2 explanation
5.3 context
5.4 example
5.5 nontextual illustrations
5.5.1 figure
5.5.2 audio
5.5.3 video
5.5.4 table
5.5.5 other binary data

Note: Although translations should not generally be used as documentation of term equivalence, this can be necessary when there is no available documentation in the target language and when the translator or translating entity represents a major or the sole authority on the concept.

5.6 unit
5.7 range
5.8 characteristic


Blind MARTIF Representation: <ptr type=X target=Y/>, where Y is the refid of a<refObject type=binaryData>, which as noted above, can contain embedded binary data (in hex) or a URL, and X is one of the following:

5.1 definition

Description: A statement that describes a concept and permits its differentiation from other concepts within a system of concepts.

Note: For definition of related term, see ISO 1087:1990, 4.1

Blind MARTIF Representation: <descrip type=definition>content unrestricted</descrip>

5.2 explanation

Description: A statement that describes and clarifies a concept and makes it understandable, but does not necessarily differentiate it from other concepts.

Example: Explanation of catalyst: <chemistry> material that triggers or accelerates a chemical reaction

Note: In order to constitute an adequate definition, this explanation (which would be classified as defective if it were viewed as a definition) needs to include the information that the catalyst itself is not changed by the reaction.

Blind MARTIF Representation: <descrip type=explanation>content unrestricted</descrip>

5.3 context

Description: A text or part of a text in which a term occurs.

Note 1: For definition of related term, see ISO 1087:1990,

Note 2: Contexts are documented very frequently in descriptive and translation-oriented terminology work. Some databases use "example" for contextual references. Such data categories should be converted to the data category "context" for interchange purposes.

In addition to providing information about concepts, contexts provide text-typological information valuable for determining term usage and collocational references. Consequently some databases classify context as a term-related data category.

Blind MARTIF Representation: <descrip type=context>content unrestricted</descrip>

5.4 example

Description: Descriptive material that provides a sample of the object or entity defined in the entry.

Note: Some databases use "example" for contextual references. Such items should be converted to the data category "context" for interchange purposes.

Blind MARTIF Representation: <descrip type=example>content unrestricted</descrip>

5.5 nontextual illustrations

5.5.1 figure

Description: A diagram, picture, or other graphic material used to illustrate a concept or group of concepts.

Example: Annex C, Figure C.4, shows an illustrative figure that might be used in conjunction with a term entry.

5.5.2 audio

Description: Sound, spoken words, music, or other audible representation used to illustrate or explain terms or concepts.

Example: A recording of the pronunciation of a term coordinated with a term entry in a multimedia environment.

5.5.3 video

Description: Recorded visual images used to represent or illustrate terminological information.

Example: Video images can be used to illustrate a concept, a process, a test method, etc.

Note: Digitized video can include an audio component.

5.5.4 table

Description: An array of data arranged in columns and rows used in documenting, explaining, or describing a concept within a terminology collection.

Example: Annex D consists of a set of tables.

5.5.5 other binary data

Description: Any foreign data not covered by the previous categories.

Example: Spreadsheets, virtual reality files, flight simulations, and the like.

5.6 unit

Description: A relationship between a reference value as defined by an authoritative body; a quantity measured.

example: force is measured in newtons

length is measured in millimetres

weight is measured in grams

Note: There is only one unit for each quantity in SI. The unit used to measure a quantity can be extraordinarily valuable in a terminology collection. In some cases, it can represent a major characteristic for determining the precise identity of a referenced concept, especially if polysemy or lack of precision creates ambiguity in a text.

5.7 range

Description: The relationship between a set of limits within which a quantity is measured, as expressed by stating the lower and upper range values.

example: 0 - 100 C = liquid state of water

Note: Range, like unit, can be a critical delimiting characteristic in defining a concept, particularly in materials databases.

5.8 characteristic

Description: A mental representation of a property of an object serving to form and delimit its concept.

Note: For definition of related term, see ISO 1087:1990, 3.2

Example: compressibility (gas)

flammability (fuel)

liquidity (financial assets)



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